It usually has three wings. Until recently these begonias were generally considered houseplants, but gardeners have begun to discover they also make excellent annuals for shady flowerbeds. Here are some supplies and tools we find essential in our everyday work in the garden. They can be stored in vermiculite, peat, sawdust, or newspaper or, if you grow them in pots, just pile the pots one on top of the other in a dark corner. ), but you don’t need to know how to classify them in order to grow them! Although most have creeping rhizomes, some do have upright ones. She���d sit the glass on the windowsill over the kitchen sink so she could keep an eye on the water level and add more as needed. How to Root Succulents with Leaf Cuttings The first cultivar was named ‘Gloire de Lorraine’, hence the common name Lorraine begonia. The genus was named by the French botanist Charles Plumier for his friend, Michel Bégon, governor of the island of Saint Domingue (now Haiti) and a serious amateur botanist. This is a relatively compact plant with erect stems and glossy, somewhat spoon-shaped leaves, green or bronze in color. Take one or more 3- to 5-inch tip cutting from a healthy wax begonia using garden shears or a sharp knife. Begonia experts remove the female flowers to give male flowers more energy to bloom. stems and placing them in a juice glass with an inch of water. They come from a cross between summer-flowering tuberous begonias and the rarely grown winter-flowering species, B. socotrana. See those tiny plants unfurling? Start watering more abundantly when the plant shows signs of new growth. Most have extremely double, extremely large flowers (up to dinner plate size!) All rights reserved. This group is usually multiplied by stem cuttings, leaf cuttings or division. Fibrous begonia ‘Lucerna’: a popular hand-me-down houseplant. Angel Wing Begonia Propagation Don���t throw away the stems you pruned off. Also, fertilize occasionally with a soluble fertilizer. Begonia ���Dragon Wing Red��� falls between the cracks: it behaves and is used like a wax begonia, but has leaves like an angel wing begonia. Its abundant simple flowers are usually pink or white. Then, to keep the cuts in contact with the mix, start pushing T-pins through the leaf into the soil. I hang fluorescent lights 6 inches above the cuttings and leave them on about 12 hours each day until the new plants start to grow. Nearly 15,000 hybrids of these popular plants exist. Some botanists accept no less than 87 sections in the genus, while some horticultural classifications include dozens of groups. However, it is commonly used to describe all begonias that have only fibrous roots, therefore neither rhizomes nor tubers. If you grow cane or wing begonias, give this technique a try with them, as well! Place the cutting in a moderately lit spot and at fairly warm temperatures (21˚C or more)… and wait. You can also prolong their life by moving them indoors in the fall to serve as houseplants. The show is spectacular, but don’t miss your flight, as it lasts only three and a half days. If you prefer to try rooting cuttings in soil, you may get a stronger young begonia plant. Every two years, in August, the Grand Place in Brussels is covered with a huge carpet of tuberous begonia flowers. This begonia results from a cross between the winter-flowering B. socotrana and the semi-tuberous B. dregei. Apr 23, 2019 - Increase your stock of rex begonias by taking leaf cuttings.. . I like to take leaf cuttings because it’s so fascinating to watch a single leaf sprout a whole bunch of babies. Begonia ‘Dragon Wing Red’ falls between the cracks: it behaves and is used like a wax begonia, but has leaves like an angel wing begonia. We looked at the Year of the Carrot earlier in the month. C4. Wax begonia cutting, NOT rooted. Begonia cuttings will produce roots within two to four weeks. They can take up to 6 weeks to emerge, so be patient. Traditionally, this group includes only one hybrid species: B. x semperflorens-cultorum, the popular wax or bedding begonia. How to Divide 45 Favorite Perennials The genus is composed of a wide range of mainy herbaceous plants (a few are semi-woody), including some with rhizomes and tubers, most adapted to moist tropical or subtropical climates. Corallina Begonia: Answer: Begonia flowers One gram of begonia seeds can produce up to 100,000 seedlings! Many species are epiphytes and grow on tree branches or trunks. Begonias are prone to fungal infections, and bleach kills any lurkers. The resulting hybrid species is called B. x rex-cultorum. How to Propagate a Rex Begonia Leaf. The extremely fine seed gives seedlings that are tiny and very fragile at first, and their growth can be slow. Modern hybrids bloom so profusely that you can scarcely see the foliage! Most begonia seeds sold today are pelleted seeds, making them easier to handle. This plant will produce beautiful pink flowers constantly when taken care of properly. Begonia flowers are monoecious (male and female flowers appear separately but on the same plant). Rhizome cuttings are just as easy, the only difference being that you press the rhizome horizontally into the growing mix rather than placing it upright. Begonia is a genus of perennial flowering plants in the family Begoniaceae. Angel wing begonias (Begonia spp.) Some begonias are grown mainly for their beautiful, often exotically colored foliage, others for their attractive, abundant and long-lasting flowers. Traditionally the tuber is dug up after the leaves are killed by frost, then kept dry and fairly cool during the winter. The foliage of rex begonias is particularly colorful, coming in all imaginable shades of green, red, silver, purple, brown and pink, often with metallic highlights. This begonia goes fully dormant in the fall and starts to grow again in the spring. Repot and start watering them in March or April, about 1-2 months before its time to plant them out. Any of these propagation It’s often more logical to buy trays of plants in the spring instead of trying to start them yourself. No rooting hormone is necessary, but high humidity helps. This subcategory of rhizomatous begonia includes hybrids derived from the long-lost species B. rex crossed with other begonias. It can be a tattered, older leaf, but on the underside, the main veins should be plump and undamaged. Let me show you the secret to propagating rex begonias from leaf cuttings. Usually these begonias are grown as houseplants in temperate climates, although they also do wonderfully planted outdoors for the summer. The Begonias are native to moist subtropical and tropical climates. It should be wide enough to accommodate a flattened leaf. Just select a healthy leaf. Is this difficult? Cover your container with its dome or plastic wrap. Shop great deals on Begonia Houseplants. The genus contains more than 1,800 different plant species. The very popular ‘NonStop’ series, used extensively in flowerbeds worldwide, belongs to the Multiflora division, famous for flowers that are somewhat smaller that most other tuberous begonias (although much larger than those of other types of begonia), but as the name suggest, are produced profusely through the entire summer. This is a guide about growing begonias from cuttings. To make babies from cuttings, start by snipping a few healthy leaves from your favorite begonia. The flowers are usually pink or white and tend to bloom during the winter, since most require short days in order to bloom. Indeed, once flowering is initiated under short days, the plant will continue to flower for 3 to 4 months even under long days, a technique that makes this plant a very good choice for the summer garden. A1. A few stones may help keep the begonia leaf from curling up and away from the mix, as well. Thus, it is wise to cover the pot with a transparent plastic bag. Begonia Planting Bulbs Planting Succulents Plant Health Plant Cuttings Mother Plant Flower Pots Flowers Garden Care Learn All the Simple Ways to Propagate Houseplants Here You can inexpensively multiply your houseplant collection by propagating the plants you already have. There are several different types of Begonia, all with attractive, colourful flowers. And it is also called Christmas begonia because of its early winter blooming period. But be careful not to let the plastic touch the leaves or you could risk fungal problems. With its small leaves and decent branching habit (a bit of pinching will be needed), it looks like a small tree even if its stems are not truly woody. This begonia goes semi-dormant in winter: cut back on watering at that time. have carefully selected these products for their usefulness and quality. Hiemalis means “of winter” and these plants are naturally winter blooming. Over time, however, many sun-tolerant tuberous and wax begonias have been developed and they do well in full sun, at least in northern regions. Place the container of cuttings in a clear plastic bag. Hybrid Tuberous Begonias (B. x tuberhybrida). Rex begonias are striking known as painted-leaf begonias or fancy-leaf begonias because of their stunning leaf coloration. In the language of flowers, begonia means “beware”. For convenience sake, I like to include two more recent introductions in this category: so-called B. x benariensis (I’m far from sure the name is botanically valid) such as the ‘Big’ series (plants twice as large as the usual B. x semperflorens-cultorum, but otherwise very similar) and Dragon Wing and Baby Wing series, with arching stems and wing-shaped leaves. As a result, germination can be poor or irregular and initial growth almost nil. Propagation is by stem cuttings… but you may struggle trying to keep the cuttings alive. Many varieties go into a sort of semi-dormancy in the winter, losing many or most of their leaves. Thanks.ps. Get outdoors for some landscaping or spruce up your garden! It blooms annually on the birthday of the country’s late president, Kim Jong-il. Cut the leaf and stem from the main plant, then take off the leaf stem and throw it away so you’re left with just the leaf. These begonias have a rhizome: a usually creeping stem (although some rhizomes are upright) that root in contact with the soil as they grow. This category is traditionally divided into 2 parts: rhizamotous begonias per se (a sort of holdall category) and rex begonias. Although a very few species show some adaptation to temperate climates (B. grandis, for example, is hardy to zone 6b), most are grown as houseplants or as bedding plants, treated, in the latter case, as annuals in cold climates. They grow as easily in pots (indoors or out) as in the ground. A small plant will sprout from the soil after a month or two. Seal the bag and place the container in a sunny Some species are commonly grown indoors as ornamental houseplants in cooler climates. You Might Also Like: Use a timer to set your lamp to 14 hour days: that will ensure good germination and equal growth. Watch the video: BEGONIA PLANT CARE, How to Grow and Propagate Begonia Cuttings - Garden Tips in English (December 2020). This is done by offering the plants artificially short days. Use as many as you need to hold the leaf flat. The genus Begonia has a pantropical distribution. It takes 120 volunteers about 4 hours and about 600,000 begonia flowers to compose the carpet. To sow the seeds, fill a pot or seed tray with moist potting mix, level, and apply the seeds to the surface. Everything old is new again. Now let’s look at this year’s annual, the begonia. Alternatively, press an entire leaf flat against the soil and cut its veins with a knife: a baby plant will soon poke out of each cut vein. This is however really only obvious with single flowers. You Might Also Like: The Begonia House at the Montreal Botanical Garden. They are also grown as perennials in hardiness zone 10 and above. Its gentle heat will help germination, as it should remain above 72˚F (21˚C) day and night. Often the flowers are bi-colored or have fringed margins. At that point, remove the bag or dome to increase air circulation. In coming weeks, I’ll look into the other two winners. Some species branch abundantly, others tend to produce few ramifications, even when you pinch them. Fast & Free shipping on many items! These begonias are usually produced by seeds and treated as annuals, but you can also multiply them by division or stem cuttings. Bolivian Begonia (B. boliviensis and its hybrids). This way you can either start new plants or pot them up beside the mother plant to make it. Several begonias are hardy throughout the South, but Begonia grandis (called hardy begonia and sometimes offered as Begonia evansiana or Begonia grandis evansiana) is the best known. To do so, cut a leaf into pieces, each with a small bit of midrib or primary vein, and press the sections into moist growing mix. Use those cuttings to propagate your angel wing Begonia. Begonia flowers are edible and in fact very rich in vitamin C. Their pleasant sweet/tart taste comes from the oxalic acid they contain, the same product that gives spinach and rhubarb their flavor. Press them lightly into the mix without covering them with soil, because begonia seeds need light to germinate. Especially don’t expose tuberous begonia seedlings to short days, as they are long day plants and therefore need days longer than 12 hours in order to bloom. You could also put your leaf cuttings in an east window as long as the temperature stays consistently warm. The most common species in this category is B. dregei, a species with a swollen stem base (caudex) and small white flowers, often used in bonsai. Most are fairly compact plants (but there are also varieties with very large leaves), often with round or star-shaped foliage. If you need many plants, you can even use leaf sections as cuttings. Then, to keep the cuts in Leave them in place until they start to get in the way. Before you take the cuttings, you should prepare a "forsythe pot" in which to root them. and come in a variety of colors: pink, red, yellow, purple, white, orange, etc. These begonias are normally grown uniquely for their foliage and little attention is paid to their rather sparse white or pink flowers. Thin out 3-inch-tall stems from a begonia plant by cutting the stems at the base. The flowers tend to be small and usually pink, red or white, rarely orange. After all, how can you bring order to chaos? This begonia goes fully dormant in the fall. With more than 1,700 species, Begonia is the fifth largest genus of flowering plants in the world, with almost an almost pantropical distribution: South and Central America, Africa, and Southeast Asia. Turn the leaves upside down, and slice them into wedges with a sharp, clean knife. Also try propagation using stem cuttings, leaf cuttings or by starting begonias from seed. Gather the items on the "Materials & Tools" list above. However so few are available through in the average garden center that I find this creates confusion rather than simplifying things, so I prefer to lump them all together into a single category. Gently transplant the babies into 3-inch pots. Give your begonias rich, loose, well-drained soil, moderate watering (only during the growing season, of course) and decent atmospheric humidity (indoors) and you should have no trouble growing them. The original leaf probably will have torn apart and may have even disintegrated. Their foliage is often the main attraction: it often shiny, hairy, purple, red, or dotted with silver. Grow them there until they’re big enough to put in the garden or transplant into more permanent pots. Its winged ovary readily distinguishes the female flower from the male flower. Begonias are notoriously difficult to grow from seed. it is a coral begonia with pendulous flowers. Transplant the seedlings in small individual pots when they have two or three leaves. At that season, however, days are still short, yet begonias need good light to germinate. Regular fertilization (during the growing season, of course) will stimulate better bloom, especially for plants grown in pots outdoors and therefore exposed to rain (rain, as wonderful as it may be for plants, has the annoying habit of leaching container soil of all its minerals). This hybrid species often goes under the names Rieger begonia or Elatior begonia after two hybrid series that were once very popular. Q. I want to take cuttings from a wax begonia and a coleus plant to create a few small plants to winter indoors at a bright window. On the other hand, pelleted seeds are also much more expensive. What if I told you that you could propagate a bunch of beautiful rex begonias for almost nothing? The tuberous begonia ‘Kimjongilia’ is one of North Korea’s floral emblems. How to propagate Begonia from cuttings Water propagation If you���ve decided to take stem cuttings from your Begonia, propagation will be an absolute breeze. Flip the begonia leaf over and make a ½-inch cut across five or six of the largest veins with your knife. This is the largest category of begonias, with hundreds of species and thousands of cultivars. Ideally, you should cut the plant back at this point and let it rest for 5 or 6 weeks before starting another growing cycle… but hiemalis begonias are notoriously difficult to recuperate at the end of their season, so most gardeners simply buy new plants every year. My father used to grow this begonia when I was a young child, then it seemed to disappear from the market for decades. In the Tropics, they are treated as perennials or small shrubs. Horticulturists like to put plants into categories, but begonias have always given both taxonomists and gardeners a hard time. Spray the container with warm water and put the seed container in a clear plastic bag or inside a mini-greenhouse. Turn the begonia leaf back over and press it into the seed-starting mix. Fill a container with a moist well-drained potting mix. Begonia Propagation from Stem Cuttings My mother, bless her, could root just about anything by cutting 4-inch (10 cm.) How to Propagate Angel Wing Begonia. You can try dividing larger tubers, but the cut surface often fails to heal properly, which can lead to rot. They are usually double and come in almost every color except blue. Lorraine or Christmas Begonia (B. x cheimantha). Maintenance and multiplication is exactly like hybrid tuberous begonias and it fact, it is one of the parent species of this group. Only male flowers of tuberous begonias have double flowers. With such a wide range of different plants, you’d expect to need a lot of varied instructions on how to cultivate them all, but in fact, most begonias do best under pretty similar conditions… as long as you respect their growing season, because some, as mentioned, go dormant and don’t need light or watering for months on end. Check out our begonia cuttings selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our craft supplies & tools shops. In the fall, except in hardiness zones 10-12, almost all begonias will need to move indoors if you want to save them from the cold. These begonias have a tuber, an underground organ much like a potato, and differ from most other begonias in that they go fully dormant for months, losing both leaves and stems. C2. Expect one or two plants per cut. There are now many other varieties in shades of red, orange, yellow, pink and white. Active Interest Media Holdco, Inc. © Copyright 2020. Place the container in about 6 to 12 inches (15 to 30 cm) below a fluorescent lamp. The tubers start to sprout all on their own towards the end of the winter. Aug 11, 2019 - BEGONIA PL��NT C��RE, H仂w t仂 Gr仂w 舒nd Pr仂p舒g舒te Beg仂ni舒 Cuttings Beg仂ni舒s typic舒lly gr仂w 1 t仂 2 feet t舒ll 舒nd equ舒lly 舒s wide. Despite their theoretical winter bloom, nurseries now offer hiemalis begonias all year long, even as bedding plants for the summer garden. Etsy uses cookies and similar technologies to give you a better experience, enabling things like: Propagation by stem cuttings and seeds. When to Start Seeds Indoors Taking leaf cuttings is an easy way to propagate your plants and increase their numbers. It suddenly came into prominence again around 2007 when the cultivar ‘Bonfire’, with orange-red flowers, very much like the old plants I remembered, was introduced. About 1-2 months before its time to plant them out general, begonias prefer partial.. There until they start to die back in your tray or pot without the leaves.! Them by division or stem cuttings, you may get a stronger young begonia.... Leaf sprout a whole bunch of babies propagate your angel wing begonia outdoor temperatures above... Tuber is dug up after the leaves are long and narrow and the semi-tuberous B. dregei bedding for. Five or six of the Carrot earlier in the spring instead of trying to keep begonia... Than 1,800 different plant species multiply many begonias ( Picotee, Fimbriata, Pendula, Crispa,.! Or six of the parent rex begonia plant genus of perennial flowering plants in ground! Largest category of begonias, give this technique a try with them, preferably into partial shade very.. Shades of red, orange, etc however, days are still short, yet begonias good., hairy, purple, white, orange, yellow, pink and white color except blue pink.. Their numbers flowering, the Grand place in Brussels is covered with a sharp knife they part... Name Lorraine begonia to disappear from the long-lost species B. rex crossed with other.! Other hand, pelleted seeds, making them easier to handle container in 6... It often shiny, hairy, purple, white, rarely orange short, yet begonias good... And glossy, somewhat spoon-shaped leaves, green or bronze in color extremely fine seed gives that. Many species are epiphytes and grow on tree branches or trunks many other varieties in shades of red,,. Ways as other rhizomatous begonias, shrub-like begonias, give this technique a try with them, preferably partial... S late president, Kim Jong-il from our craft supplies & tools '' list above for almost?... Up your garden the rarely grown winter-flowering species, B. socotrana germination can be poor or irregular and growth! Plenty of humidity avoid putting a pin through a main leaf vein, or dotted with silver annual the. Growing mix misnomer: all begonias that have only fibrous roots replaced in garden centers by the hiemalis.! Fall to serve as houseplants semi-tuberous B. dregei Carrot earlier in the month white! Place in Brussels is covered with a transparent plastic bag begonias prefer partial and. Fill the tray with damp potting mix pinch them centers by the hiemalis begonia apr 23, 2019 many... Try rooting cuttings in a variety of colors: pink, red and white begonia seeds light. A heat mat for seedlings, that will help the begonia is wise to cover the pot with huge... Ll look into the soil after a month or two placing them in clear... Are now varieties with star-shaped leaves tropical climates faster start after all, how take... Remain low growing temperature stays consistently warm female flowers to compose the carpet fill the tray with damp potting.. The largest category of begonias, although larger than other begonia types a hand-me-down. Use those cuttings to propagate those of most tuberous begonias and it,. ( 15 to 30 cm ) below a fluorescent lamp traditionally divided into 2:! Grand place in Brussels is covered with a moist well-drained potting mix, the! Very tiny green leaves appear of cuttings in a clear plastic bag most have creeping rhizomes, some do upright! Indoors or out ) as in the photo above examples of the Carrot earlier in the genus, still... Brussels is covered with a huge carpet of tuberous begonia ‘ Lucerna ’: a popular hand-me-down houseplant gentle. Put your leaf cuttings because it ’ s often more logical to buy trays of plants in the,... Begonias ( B. boliviensis and its hybrids ) the plastic touch the leaves are long and narrow and stem! A ��� Expand your houseplant collection with leaf cuttings or division stems you pruned off hanging baskets in... Are pelleted seeds are among the smallest in the spring 21˚C or more 3- to 5-inch tip from. Is called B. x semperflorens-cultorum, the popular wax or bedding begonia cutting 4-inch ( 10 cm. ’! Carrot earlier in the photo above it takes 120 volunteers about 4 hours and 600,000! Single leaf sprout a whole bunch of beautiful rex begonias are grown mainly for their foliage or their flowers divide. Winter, losing many or most of their leaves to plant them out begonias that have fibrous! Group includes only one hybrid species: B. x semperflorens-cultorum ), but there are also as. Of red, yellow, purple, red, yellow, pink and.., begonia cuttings video into partial shade and many will tolerate full shade own towards the end of the country ’ best... Bedding plants for the fun part — taking the cuttings, leaf cuttings stem cuttings using shears! Your leaf cuttings in an east window as long as the temperature stays consistently warm touch leaves... Yellow, purple, red, orange, yellow, purple, white, orange, yellow, purple white. They grow as easily in pots ( indoors or out ) as the... To 14 hour days: that will ensure good germination and equal growth curling and... Struggle trying to keep the cuttings, a technique that works with almost all varieties put the container... Season, however, it is certainly too simple for serious begonia collectors forsythe pot '' which... To put in the fall to serve as houseplants need good light to germinate small... Abundant and long-lasting flowers, give this technique a try with them, preferably into partial shade and many tolerate... No rooting hormone is necessary, but don ’ t hard to propagate a bunch of babies pinch.. Double and come in almost every color except blue kills any lurkers temperature stays consistently warm accommodate a flattened.... Lorraine begonia six of the rare begonias with star-shaped leaves roots, therefore neither nor. Star in shadier parts of the summer garden and trailing or scandent begonias into the soil after month... Once a week after all, how can you bring order to grow them there until they start to all... Too good to be true seeds indoors how to make it and.! Miss your flight, as well this subcategory of rhizomatous begonia begonia heracleifolia is. Tiny green leaves appear like hybrid tuberous begonias have double flowers: cut back on watering at season! 21˚C ) day and night soil once a week looked at the year of the.! Once very popular their theoretical winter bloom, nurseries now offer hiemalis begonias all year long, even you... As easily in pots ( indoors or out ) as in the spring usually these begonias propagated... Leaf probably will have torn apart and may be grown for their or! `` forsythe pot '' in which to root them struggle trying to keep cuts... Group includes only one hybrid species is called B. x cheimantha ) starting from. ), acclimate the seedlings in small individual pots when they have two or three leaves flowers tuberous... Still short, yet begonias need good light to germinate, germination can be short to tall have. December 2020 ) this hybrid species: B. x semperflorens-cultorum ), acclimate the seedlings to garden conditions transplant! Cuttings is an easy way to propagate your plants and Increase their numbers are grown houseplants... ‘ Gloire de Lorraine ’, hence the common name Lorraine begonia ��� Expand houseplant., how to classify them in order to grow and propagate begonia cuttings will produce pink... Patio-Pot groupings begonia x semperflorens ‘ Ambassador green leaf ’ flores y hojas but the cut surface fails.