Roots spread quickly to cover bare, shady slopes with elegant 3-foot-tall, vase-shaped plants. Plants that are toxic to deer like daffodils and foxgloves … By Mark Wolfe and Bob Vila. To keep the plant well-shaped and flowering, cut it back by about half in the early spring. Here is a list of seven great plants I use to tackle challenging slopes. Do not plant these plants in a moderate deer … While no plant is 100% deer resistant, deer generally avoid these perennials. In winter dormancy, bronze foliage adds structure and motion to the landscape. Wild Columbine. Space plants 12 inches apart for complete coverage within a season in USDA zones 3 through 9. Some native plant species are favorite food sources for white tailed deer. Boxwoods (Buxus) are broadleaf evergreens, meaning they have broad leaves like deciduous plants but keep their leaves in the winter. Daylilies; Sedums; Echinacea; Succulents; … A carpet of pink, purple, red, or white flowers each spring makes creeping phlox (Phlox subulata) one of the showiest plants for erosion control. Juniper generally is low maintenance, simply requiring some pruning to control its growth. Verbena. Solomon's plume, Maianthemum racemosum 4. all orchids, for example the lady slippers, as shown at left 5. ninebark, Physocarpus opulifolius 6. smooth Solomon's seal, Polygonatum biflorum var. This plant is somewhat difficult to grow, as it requires a delicate balance of soil moisture and sharp drainage. ... How to plant CA natives on a slope… Sea holly is a delight to butterflies and flower arrangers alike and is a tough plant that is very tolerant of drought. It is drought-tolerant and deer-resistant. ), available at garden stores and landscape suppliers in both seed blends and as sod. Forsythia may have a short bloom season, but … Some animals still might choose to take a bite out of these shrubs, especially if food options are limited. Remove dead, diseased, and overgrown wood to promote better airflow, which helps to prevent pests and diseases. Deer might nibble on these trees if they're desperate for food, but the foliage is definitely not their first choice. Can you suggest some plants that will flourish while helping to control erosion? As a bonus, boxwoods contain alkaloids that are distasteful to deer. And because deer have a sensitive sense of smell, they tend to dislike any plants with a strong odor. Examples include: 1. white turtlehead, Chelone glabra, the host plant for our state butterfly 2. turk's cap lily, Lillium superbum 3. Like deer-resistant shrubs, there also are several deer-resistant trees—including flowering, shade, and evergreen varieties—for landscaping. Height: 3 to 6 inches. Golden bell is drought tolerant and deer resistant. (If your slope is steeper, consult a landscape architect for additional soil protection measures; slopes greater than 50 percent require structures like retaining walls.). Deer-resistant plants often feature a texture or smell the animals try to avoid. It features dense growth that beautifully fills landscape beds with a solid mass of glossy, deep green, fern-like foliage. Expert advice from Bob Vila, the most trusted name in home improvement, home remodeling, home repair, and DIY. When their … Japanese spurge (Pachysandra terminalis) forms a glossy, broadleaf, evergreen carpet that controls soil erosion in shady areas. Slope Attributes: deer resistant. Oct 2, 2012 - Drought tolerant, deer resistant hillside. biflorum 7. pinxter azalea, Rhododendron periclymenoides … I avoid plants with excessive pest or disease problems and that stray too far from their original planting site. Plant Life columnist Valerie Easton talks with an expert on slope erosion. It is the fragrance of bayberry that deters deer from eating it. Choose from several species for erosion control: Bearberry cotoneaster (C. dammeri) grows one to 2 feet tall and 6 feet wide, Rockspray cotoneaster (C. horizontalis) grows two to 3 feet tall and 6 to 8 feet wide, and willow leaf cotoneaster (C. salicifolius) grows two to 3 feet tall and 5 to 6 feet wide. Plant it in partial sun to shade at 3 feet apart to grows into a low 3-foot mound with glossy blue-green foliage and showy yellow flowers. When I tried reseeding, the seed ran off the slope, and now small ravines are forming, which I think is due to erosion. It's generally low maintenance, though you might have to remove suckers to prevent new plants from spreading where you don't want them. Space plants 5 to 6 feet apart in USDA zones 5 through 8. It stays low (under 6 inches) and spreads at a moderate pace. Left unchecked, erosion carves deep gullies and can undermine pavement, buildings, and other structures. This shrub also will spread, so remove its suckers if you want to keep it contained in one area. Pruning is optional if you wish to keep the bush compact with more prolific flowers. An added bonus is that deer won’t eat it. This low, spreading, evergreen shrub reaches one to 2 feet tall and spreads three to 4 feet wide in just a season or two. Plant this ground cover at 6- to 8-inch spacing for coverage within a growing season. Although it is an evergreen, it looks best in the early spring when its showy flowers bloom and give off a powerful aroma. The right type of grass is perfect for erosion control on mild slopes because it provides a dense root mass and tough foliage that holds up well under foot traffic. Mark Wolfe, Bob Vila, 10 Lush Landscaping Ideas for a Hilly Backyard, Easy Ground Covers: 7 Varieties to Enhance Any Landscape, All You Need to Know About Landscape Fabric, The Best Landscape Fabric for Blocking Out Weeds, The Dos and Don'ts of Planting Ground Cover. This deer-resistant shrub bears reddish fall foliage and bluish berries in addition to white flowers in the spring. Deer Resistant Plants. Daffodils (Narcissus spp.) Plants that leaf out early and hold their leaves until late fall, however, rise to the top of the heap. The tenacious root system of the forsythia shrub makes it an excellent choice for erosion control. Branches grow roots where they touch the soil, adding even more soil protection. This hardy perennial has been used for generations to beautify steep banks and arm them against erosion. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. Cut back in early spring to make room for fresh new foliage. When landscape trees mature, the grass beneath them gets shaded and may die off from lack of adequate sunlight. Landscape shrubs are not the preferred food for white-tailed deer, but deer will still eat them in a pinch. Gardeners tend to see more damage in their garden from deer in the late fall and winter. In contrast with creeping juniper, creeping myrtle (Vinca minor) is … And who better to recommend these plants … This fast growing ground cover for slopes grows well in … Deer-Resistant Plants for Shade. Although the butterfly bush (Buddleia davidii) is considered invasive in many regions, it also can be a striking addition to a landscape. You may not need to give up grass if you can find a species better suited to your conditions. Fescue is suitable for USDA hardiness zones 3 through 7. Astilbe are also deer-resistant plants … Zones: 3 to 9. Bluebeard or the blue mist shrub (Caryopteris) blooms in late summer at a time when relatively few bushes are flowering. In general, shrub roses are good plants where deer are a problem due to their thorny stems that deer don't like to eat. The berries also are toxic to people and pets, so take care when planting the shrub. In general, prune roses in the early spring before blooms start to show. Design a beautiful landscape filled with breathtaking blooms and distinctive foliage, without worrying about destructive Russian sage (Perovskia atriplicifolia), which is technically a subshrub, has bluish flowers with silvery-gray foliage. Blue star juniper (Juniperus squamata 'Blue Star') is a small, slow-growing, rounded bush that is a good choice where a bluish accent is needed. 'Carol Mackie' Daphne (Daphne x burkwoodii 'Carol Mackie') is a variegated bush with extremely fragrant flowers. Lawn And Garden. Creeping Myrtle. Erosion occurs when wind and/or water move across unprotected ground, removing soil particles. The plant spreads via underground runners and does not require much maintenance besides some pruning to keep it looking neat. … Explore. Juniper varieties are members of the cypress family and give off a heavy fragrance. These plants are magnets for pollinators—hence their common name—but deer tend to avoid them. Oct 2, 2012 - Drought tolerant, deer resistant hillside. You get a 3-for-1 deal with arrowwood viburnum (Viburnum dentatum). Some gardeners even choose to trim the stems down to the ground in early winter to give their landscape a cleaner look. Plants listed as 'Deer proof' hold up well but are nibbled on once or twice/year. Moss phlox. If you water your plants, you will have more damage. Sod gives immediate coverage but requires more time for preparation and installation. BEST plants for 30 tough garden sites: dry shade, slopes, lakeshores, all locations that call for tough, durable plants. Andromeda (Pieris japonica) is a dense, flowering, deer-resistant shrub. And erosion problems are increasing; not just because of climate-change extremes. This entire list is deer and drought resistant, tried and true. Deer-Resistant Plants Deer love to eat narrow-leaf evergreens, hostas, daylilies and English Ivy. For shade tolerance, one good choice is fescue (Festuca spp. There are many possibilities among evergreen species, flowering shrubs, and other specimens that deer aren't likely to munch on. You agree that BobVila.com may process your data in the manner described by our Privacy Policy. Likes … … Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Coreopsis; Sedums; Hardy Ferns; Shade Ground Covers - Deer Resistant; Sun Ground Covers - Deer Resistant; Drought Tolerant Plants. As a result, they are disappearing from natural areas. A: You may be correct about your troubled turf! Fortunately, certain plants can be effective in preventing erosion on slopes of up to 33 percent (that’s 1 foot of elevation change for every 3 feet of horizontal distance), according to the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). It’s suited to USDA zones 3 through 8. But while bees and butterflies like its flowers, the plant's heavy scent repels deer. Kathleen Miller is a Master Gardener and Horticulturist with over 30 years experience in gardening and sustainable farming. Ornamental grasses feature extensive fibrous roots, excellent drought tolerance, and lush foliage. Candy Oh is a favored variety known for its fragrance and vibrant coloring. ... Drought Tolerant Landscape Landscaping A Slope Landscape Outdoor Landscaping Luxury Landscaping Plants Ground Cover Plants Deer Resistant … Plants for Moderate Level Deer Problems The fruit trees have no fruit or leaves below 4'. Its fragrance is one of the true delights of the spring garden, but the aroma and poisonous berries are distasteful to deer. You also mentioned Sage (Salvia) and while many sages are classified as low water use and deer … Soil Requirements: mesic to dry soil with good calcium availability. The plant also is tolerant of drought, erosion, and salt. Prune the shrub once a year after it's done flowering to control its height. Copyright © 2020 Acton Media Inc. All rights reserved. Some bloom in Winter, and many of them are evergreen! RELATED: 10 Lush Landscaping Ideas for a Hilly Backyard. Roses have every leaf removed each summer-fall. Spring Glory Forsythia. During a cold winter or at other times when natural food sources are low, your landscape can be devastated by deer feeding on shrubs and small trees. Commonly referred to as dwarf coyote bush, this ground cover is a California native, which grows 1 to 2 ft. high with a 6 to 8 ft. spread. They also require little care. But if the bark is completely stripped from a shrub or tree, that can mean the end of the plant. Ideal for erosion control on part shade to full shade garden areas including slopes. Native Plants for Shady Slopes. It is evergreen and can get along with little water once … Deer resistant and easy to grow fern. Sometimes the damage is merely cosmetic, and the plant can recover. Remember "deer-resistant" is not "deer-proof." Some new cultivars, such as 'Blue Chip', have few seeds or are seedless, making them less able to spread. More ... Eastern … Seed is less expensive and easy to install but takes four to six weeks to grow in. The lawn’s reduced root system and diminished grass expose the ground to stormwater runoff, a chief soil erosion culprit. It’s suited to USDA zones 3 through 9. Disclosure: BobVila.com participates in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for publishers to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. Some of the plants suggested below may be ideal to bring life back to your yard—but before buying any, check the USDA plant hardiness zone map to ensure they can thrive in your area. Also, prune dead and diseased parts as needed. Space plants 3 feet apart in USDA zones 3 through 8. It grows to roughly 6 to 10 feet but can get even taller in the right conditions. Below are 11 best plants for covering slopes and hillside areas and to create beauty and stabilty. Bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica) is native to eastern North America, and it's a deer-resistant shrub you are more likely to see in the wild there than in people's yards. Native to eastern North America, where it shrubby grows naturally in sandy open woods and meadows, shrubby St. John’s wort (Hypericum prolificum) is widely adaptable to different soil conditions, but does consistently well on wet slopes or where periodic flooding occurs. Here are 10 varieties of deer-resistant shrubs. Tips for Deterring Deer From Entering Your Yard and Garden, 29 Shrubs That Grow in Full or Partial Shade, 15 Recommended Flowering Shrubs for Your Home, 14 Best Fall-Blooming Flowers for Your Perennial Garden, 10 Best Flowering Plants That Deer Will Not Eat. Tried and true deer-resistant plants for the Sierra Foothills; Cool Links. The 8 Best Plants for Erosion Control in Your Yard - Bob Vila This shrub is a favorite of many pollinators, and it's drought-tolerant. (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi) Most of the deer-resistant, noninvasive ground covers are … It stays under 10 inches tall, spreads well beneath trees but does not climb, and gives a subtle display of creamy white flowers in early summer. One of our favorite deer-resistant perennials are bleeding hearts (Lamprocapnos spectabilis, aka Dicentra spectabilis). Some shrubs might die without an obvious cause, so choose a planting area that allows for easy removal if necessary. Q: The grass in my yard—which is in partial shade since the trees around it have grown up, and on a slight slope—has been dying for the past several years. Muhly grass (Muhlenbergia capillaris), a widely distributed native North American perennial grass, boasts beautiful cotton candy-like pinkish bloom spikes that rise above the foliage in fall. Beautiful and robust ostrich fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris) is a great erosion control plant for low-light graded areas. Plant in sandy, loamy, moist or wet, and acidic soil conditions. This makes them a very popular choice for hedges. Russian Sage (Perovskia atriplicifolia) Russian sage (Perovskia atriplicifolia), which is technically a … You mentioned Coast Live Oak, Valley, and Toyon which all seem like good choices. This smell is what makes deer recoil and avoid eating the plant. Growing conditions: Full sun. Cotoneaster (Cotoneaster spp.) Spread: 1 to 2 feet. … We'll help you find the best deer proof ground covers for your zone and need from tried-and-true classics to brand new. Plant Muhly grass at a 3-foot spacing in USDA zones 6 through 10. Meanwhile, blue rug juniper (Juniperus horizontalis 'Blue Rug') often serves as a ground cover on hillsides. Creeping plum yew (Cephalotaxus harringtonia ‘prostrata’) is one of a few shade-tolerant conifers. Clear-cutting is the major … Also included are hard-to-find plant lists of special traits and useful characteristics: self-seeding, fra-grance, long-blooming, minimal litter trees. Plant spaced 4 feet apart in USDA zones 6 through 9. Zone: 3 – 9. This shrub is fairly low maintenance, simply requiring pruning to keep its shape, though it should be protected from cold winter winds. protects sunny slopes while offering year-round interest with tiny white flowers, glossy green foliage, and red berries—making it ideal for pollinators and birds. Thorn-free shrubs always make maintenance a little easier. K innikinnick. For a different look, try the Pfitzer Chinese juniper (Juniperus chinensis 'Pfitzeriana Glauca'), which is commonly shaped into pom-poms. 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