Contact Info. Mains level : Montevideo Convention. Bougainville is an autonomous region of Papua New Guinea, and its interim capital is Buka. The most widely spoken language in the country is Halia. The country is yet to prove its recognition in the United Nations. ️ 05th December 2019. Building strong ties with the country will help China increase its presence in the Pacific. get in this magazine topper talks and more. Bougainville: Get Bougainville Latest News, Videos and Photos also find Breaking news, updates, information on Bougainville. This aspect is more pronounced in the case of history where we have seen questions like the independence movements in Western Africa and Malayan peninsula. UPSC has sometimes pulled out of its hat some eccentric and maverick questions. The south pacific region of Bougainville has voted in favour of independence from Papua New Guinea in a non-binding referendum. Bougainville Island is the largest of the Solomon Islands archipelago, forming part of the Northern Solomon Islands, which is politically separate from the sovereign country also called … Can you give me names of some new countries that have been born in the last one decade? Recently, Bougainville, a chain of islands voted for a referendum of independence from Papua Guinea. About Bougainville: Bougainville is currently an autonomous province of Papua New Guinea- one of the most populous Pacific island states.It forms part of the Solomon Islands archipelago. Defence Exam Courses. THE GIST of Editorial for UPSC Exams : 07 December 2019 (From Bougainville referendum to Nithyananda’s Kailaasa, How is a new country formed? Approximately 30 years after a decade-long brutal civil war in Bougainville, a tiny island in the Pacific, is going to the polls on 23 November 2019 to vote on its independence from Papua New Guinea. Relation of Social Fabric and Economic Growth, What factors are constraining economic growth? The Government, vide G.S.R. UPSC Optional Courses. It is the largest island of the Solomon Islands Archipelago. In News. I. UPSC Mains Practice Questions. World’s newest country. With Bougainville’s overwhelming vote for independence from Papua New Guinea (PNG), the country has crossed a milestone in the peace process following the … In a landslide referendum victory, voters in the region of Bougainville, a collection of islands in the South Pacific, voted overwhelmingly to become independent from Papua New Guinea. With Bougainville’s overwhelming vote for independence from Papua New Guinea (PNG), the country has crossed a milestone in the peace process following the civil war that ended in 1998. The Mariana Trench or Marianas Trench is the deepest part of the world's oceans.It is located in the western Pacific Ocean, an average of 200 kilometres (124 mi) to the east of the Mariana Islands, in the Western Pacific East of Philippines.It is a crescent-shaped scar in the Earth's crust, and measures about 2,550 km (1,580 mi) long and 69 km (43 mi) wide on average. Australia, UK and US believe that there are possibilities of China bringing Bougainville into its debt trap diplomacy. Bougainville votes to become world’s newest country. The Frugal Four, formerly sometimes the Frugal Five, is an informal cooperation among like-minded fiscally conservative European countries, including Austria, Denmark, the Netherlands and Sweden.It partly evolved as a successor organisation of the New Hanseatic League that was set up to make up for the loss of the like-minded United Kingdom in the European political arena after Brexit. The referendum saw 85% voter turnout choosing Papua Guinea as second option. China is also interested in Bougainville for its rich fisheries, copper, gold and other resources. SSC & Bank Exam Courses. 9. The prevailing situation in the Pacific is advantageous to China. Bougainville has a population of around 300,000 people comprising of 21 distinct language groups. The South Pacific region of Bougainville voted overwhelmingly to become the world’s newest nation by gaining independence from Papua New Guinea, results showed Wednesday. The biggest sanction of nationhood is the United Nations recognising a territory as a country. The 2001 Bougainville Peace Agreement ended the deeply divisive nine year conflict (1988-1997) that lead to the deaths of approximately 20,000 people, or about 10 per cent of Bougainville’s population. A fugitive godman of India has reportedly founded his own country somewhere in the Pacific and named it as Kailaasa . The political and economic presence of china in the country has increased already. This region is also known as Bougainville Province or the North Solomons. How does a territory become a new country? it is holding a referendum to decide if it wants to remain a part of Papua new guinea or become an independent country. Plate boundaries and Plate movements; Volcanism, Lava Flows and Volcanic Eruptions; Importance of Ring of Fire and its Map| UPSC – IAS. So Bougainville has become the newest country of the world). The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, vide GSR 178 (E) dated 20th February, 2018 had notified that new motor vehicles conforming to Emission Standard Bharat Stage-IV manufactured before the 1st … From UPSC perspective, the following things are important : Prelims level : Bougainville and its location. China’s support to the island will increase its support among the Pacific islands against Taiwan. Or Call us on- 9354229384, 9354252518, 9999830584. click here The Bougainville islands was named after an 18th Century French explorer and became part of a German colony, German New Guinea, at the end of the 19th Century. 4. Month: Current Affairs - December, 2019 Railway Exam Courses. The result has paved the way for the region to become the world's newest nation. Source: By Neha Banka: The Indian Express. Download free upsc decemebr monthly magazine in english for all the upsc exams preparetion with UPSC IQ. The Autonomous Region of Bougainville is a chain of islands that lie 959 kilometres northwest of Papua New Guinea’s (PNG) capital, Port Moresby. The referendum marks an important part of a peace agreement signed almost 20 years ago. The trigger for the article is the Bougainville referendum. Geography: Bougainville Island is the main island of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville of Papua New Guinea. Or Call us on- 9354229384, 9354252518, 9999830584. click here China seeks to influence an independent Bougainville. The Pacific Ring of Fire is a major area in the basin of the Pacific Ocean where many earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur. State PSC Courses. Bougainville. Bougainville, an island in the Pacific, is holding a referendum to decide if it wants to remain a part of Papua New Guinea or become an independent country. Explore more on Bougainville at Dnaindia.com. Teaching Exam Courses. ... Bougainville World’s Newest Country Economy. Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains III – International Relations. Bougainville. More than 98% of the valid votes favoured independence. IAS UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 25th November 2019 Archives (PRELIMS + MAINS FOCUS) NSO survey debunks Swachh Bharat ODF claims Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II – Sanitation In News In the first week of October 2018, the … Voters backing Bougainville’s independence from Papua New Guinea have won a landslide referendum victory — a major step toward the troubled isles becoming the world’s newest nation. Bougainville and Nationhood: Bougainville is an island in the pacific. 2) landholding farmer families, having cultivable land up to 2 hectares, will be provided direct income support at the rate of Rs. The South Pacific region of Bougainville voted overwhelmingly to become the world’s newest nation by gaining independence from Papua New Guinea, results showed on December 11.Bougainville Referendum Commission Chairman Bertie Ahern was cheered when he announced that more than 98% of valid ballots favored independence.The only other option in the vote was greater autonomy from … Bougainville, an island in the Pacific, is holding a referendum to decide if it wants to remain a part of Papua New Guinea or become an independent country. Nod for Data Protection Bill: The Union Cabinet approved the introduction of … 3. Bougainville, which is the South Pacific Archipelago, has become independent of Papua New Guinea. SSC JE Courses. A region’s quest for nationhood mainly depends on how many countries and international organisations recognise it as a country. Bougainville Island is the main island of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville of Papua New Guinea. The Ring of Fire also known as the Rim of Fire or the Circum-Pacific belt.It is associated with a nearly continuous series of-: It … Study IQ Education provides online smart courses for all government competitive job exams like upsc cse, ssc, bank, state psc, ugc net, railways, rbi and upsc optional's etc by expert faculties of India, with smart features like ppt, crux, doubts management, videos, quiz, magazines, notes in hindi and english. The non-binding referendum was a promise enshrined in the 2001 Bougainville Peace agreement. Bougainville Referendum. A-10, 3rd Floor, Lajpat Nagar 2, New Delhi - 110024, India +91 95 8004 8004 +91 11 4132 3204. Papua New Guinea is a country in Oceania whose capital is Port Moresby. Australia could soon have a new nation right on its doorstep, as the people of Bougainville start to cast their votes in a referendum on whether they should seek independence from Papua New Guinea. Bougainville. 889(E), dated 16.09.2016 has mandated BS-VI mass emission standard for vehicles throughout the country from April 1, 2020 to curb pollution across the country. We have launched our mobile APP get it now. UGC NET Courses. It is named after French colonizer Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, a scientist who undertook sea voyages, particularly to the Pacific in 1776, to colonise new territories for France. UPSC - Civil Services Courses. In 2017 Catalonia passed referendum to become independent from Spain but failed.) UN recognition means a new country has access to the World Bank, the IMF, etc. The island has the world’s largest copper deposits. With Bougainville’s overwhelming vote for independence from Papua New Guinea (PNG), the country has crossed a milestone in the peace process following the 1998 civil war. (Indian Express)) THE GIST of Editorial for UPSC Exams : 07 December 2019 (Retributive justice: On Hyderabad vet rape and murder (Indian Express)) 10,000 per year. 3) Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct about Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (The Hindu) 1) It is a Central Sector Scheme. We have launched our mobile APP get it now. What did the voting process reveal? RBI & NABARD Courses. ; The island is a part of the Solomon Islands Archipelago – Bougainville has the world’s largest copper deposits. Recently, Bougainville, a chain of islands voted for a referendum of independence from Papua Guinea. (Hint: Douth Sudan-2011. The referendum was introduced because the peace agreement signed before 20 years ended. Become independent of Papua New Guinea, and its interim capital is Buka and volcanic eruptions occur What bougainville country upsc... Has increased already trigger for the region to become world ’ s largest copper deposits where. 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